Homework 3

For homework 3, you will be turning five of your previous homework questions into functions, as well as a written question.

For Proficiency credit:

  • Your code should pass all the test cases on Gradescope.
  • You should have something written for the written response that addresses the question.

For Mastery credit:

Everything for proficiency, plus

  • Your code should be well-organized with good and informative variable and function names
  • Your code should have consistent spacing

Your written response should clearly and accurately explain the difference between print and return.

Submission Instructions

To make your life, and my life, easier, there are a few submission instructions you should follow to submit your homework to gradescope.

  1. Each problem has its own assignment on gradescope. Be sure to submit question 1 to HWK1: Q1, and question 2 to HWK2: Q2, and so on.
  2. Every submission should be named with the question number and the letter q. For example, for question 3, the file should be called q3.py.
  3. Follow the requested print statements exactly. The autograder is not very intelligent; it just gives input and asks for expected output. I will be reading and giving feedback on your code as a human, but to give you the opportunity to see whether your code is working, the autograder gives feedback too.

Some general reminders:

  • Make sure to save your code before running it, and before submitting it.
  • If you are having problems, start small and build. Is there any piece of the problem you think you could do, even if it is just “read a number”? Is there a second piece you can do, like “read a number and add to it”?

Note also that the arrows in the example below are to mark input. You do not need to print the arrow “>” as part of your answer.



Write a program that takes a number from the command line. Pass that number to a function which returns the string "even" if the number is even, and "odd" if the number is odd. Call the function and print the result.


> 9


Write a program that takes in two strings. Pass those strings as two separate arguments to a function which returns them as a list which is sorted alphabetically. Hint: Python’s < operator can compare strings too.


> banana
> apple


Write a program that takes in a number n and passes it to a function which generates a list of length n where each element of the list contains as many asterisks as its index. Return the list from the function. Then, print the list.


> 7
["", "*", "**", "***", "****", "*****", "******" ]


Hint: See the tips for printing lists.

Write a program that takes in two numbers and passes them as arguments to a function. The function should return every number between them (inclusive) as a list. Then, you should print this list separated by commas. Use join() somewhere in your program.

Note: The program should print from smallest to largest, regardless of which was entered first.

Example 1:

> 2
> 9


Explain the difference between printing and returning from a function in 2-3 sentences.